Category: Beginner Photographer

Understanding White Balance

Beginner Photographer

Every digital camera owners most have never encountered the term white balance. So what is the white balance? Why should you care?

Okay let’s talk in a way that’s easy and applicable.

What the white balance?

White balance is an important aspect in the world of photography and affect how the photos. The reason why we need to understand white balance is because we want to color our pictures as accurate as possible. Thus, white balance affect the color of the photo.

To be more clear please see example photos below:

The third photo photo above is identical, even all three coming from just one photograph. I just change the white balance setting and the results: three very different color. A picture looked very blue, photo looks quite normal B and C photo looks yellowish.

Note the color of fluorescent light bulbs and light bulb, different is not it? it is because each neon and bulb has a “color temperature” is different. A yellow light (bulb) is called warm while the bluish light (neon) as cold.

The reason why the camera takes the white balance setting is because we take pictures in any lighting conditions choppy. Our naked eyes are super-sophisticated tools and are able to adapt (balance) to changes in light color, so wherever the white paper will look white to us. But the camera is not as sophisticated as the eye, because the white paper is not necessarily visible white lighting for the camera in a different color.

So the purpose of the white balance setting is ordered cameras to recognize temperature existing light sources. So that white looks white, red looks red and green look green, or in other words so that the camera records the color of objects accurately in any light condition.

White Balance Preset

You can also use the preset if it is available on your camera:

  • Auto – the camera will guess the color temperature based on the program that planted from nature by the camera manufacturer. You can use it in most situations, but not in every situation (eg photographing at sunset / sunrise)
  • Tungsten – symbolized by the lightbulb icon. Therefore suitable for use when you take pictures in the room with the light source bulb.
  • Fluorescent – symbolized by iconic neon lights, use when shooting in a room with fluorescent lighting.
  • Daylight – usually with the symbol of the sun, use while in the sun.
  • Cloudy – symbolized by the cloud, use when shooting in cloudy weather.
  • Flash – lightning symbol, if you use the flash (strobe) using this preset.
  • Shade – usually a house or a tree symbol, use when shooting indoors (daytime) or you are in the shadows – not the direct rays of sun themselves.
  • Setting the White Balance Manually

Some cameras, especially SLR and prosumer, provides manual white balance settings. Manual settings is the most accurate way if we are confused with the color temperature of the light source us. This usually occurs in a photoshoot with a more complex lighting source (more than one type of color temperature).

We can use white paper for this purpose. This article discusses in detail how to set white balance manually using paper or a white wall.

An easier way is to use an accurate and additional accessories called expodisc or kenko, prices range from Rp. 800 thousand s / d Rp. 1.5 Million. You can buy his stores large camera.


Freeze movement with Shutter Priority

Beginner Photographer

If you have already started studying the manual exposure settings available on the camera now is the time to play around with the settings there. In this article we will discuss how to freeze the motion (motion freeze) using shutter priority mode.

Just refreshing, as has been written before the shutter speed is the magnitude of how long the sensor saw the light (aka exposure) – read the back of the shutter speed and shutter priority.

Broadly speaking speed up or slow down the shutter speed to produce a different picture. There is no right and no wrong, everything depends on the message we wanted. Super fast shutter speeds allow you to freeze the movement of the birds fly, slow shutter speed allowing you to produce images that show the movement panning (panning photographing read tips). Well we started:

For Super Fast Movement

The faster you want to freeze movement in an image, the faster the shutter speed is needed. In the example above photo, the selected shutter speed is very fast which is equal to 1/5000 seconds. Shutter speed as soon as it is needed because of the movement of the surfers is very fast, while I was on the boat who also moved closer, so both the object and the camera is moving relative to each other. For that the camera is set in the shutter priority mode, and auto ISO, and focus on continuous position (read here autofocus mode). My first determine 1/5000 shutter speed at a position so that the camera selects the aperture of f / 2.8.

How to move less extreme?

This photo shows the people who were jogging in the morning is quite bright. Photographers need enough shutter speed being (1/400 sec) and it was enough to freeze movement. Why do not need to be as fast as the previous example? because the movement of people jogging relatively slower than surfing, plus for photographers in a stationary position as well as the object field (the run) is relatively parallel to the focal plane of the camera (do not move close as examples surfing).

Okay, one more example:

This photo requires a shutter speed of 1/800 sec. I was in a stationary position and a flying bird was trying to slow down, but the distance from my bird close enough (about 6 meters) so I need a shutter speed of 1/800 sec.

There is no official benchmark of how shutter speed required for each situation where we want to freeze the motion. Obviously you have to immediately practice, but there are some points that can be drawn from the three examples above.


Broadly speaking, to freeze the motion you need to consider several things:

  • The speed of the object itself, the faster the object faster shutter speed is required
  • Our relative speed (photographer) to the object. If we moved closer the shutter speed required is also higher
  • Object distance. The closer the object to the photographer, the shutter speed required is also higher
  • The focal length of your lens. The more the focal length of your lens, the faster the shutter speed is required.

Okay, good luck !!

Understanding Program Mode DSLR Camera

Beginner Photographer

Program alias mode program mode is usually symbolized by the letter P on camera DSLR or other digital cameras. In this mode, you can select the ISO and the camera will determine the aperture value and shutter speed. The difference between the Program mode with Auto mode is in Program mode we still have control over the camera, while in Auto mode the camera determines everything.

Caption 013

Let us understand further the program mode

Program Shift

In Program mode, you can change the aperture value and shutter speed determined by the camera using Shift Program. Simply by rotating the rotary dial on the back of the camera we can change the aperture value and shutter speed. When you willed into a narrow depth of field that you can rotate the command dial to change the aperture value. Checks how to use the program in the manual shift your camera each. Canon EOS D60, for example, you can use the program shift by pressing the shutter button halfway and then rotate the main dial behind.

Program Mode is ISO Priority

Fashion course we can rename ISO priority. We determine the ISO and the camera determine other parameters. Remember, the exposure triangle consisting of ISO, shutter speed and aperture. In this case it means the camera determines the shutter speed and aperture.

In program mode the flash (flash) must also be activated manually by the photographer.

When Is Using Program Mode?

Mode current program can be used for shooting the standards you’ve come across sehar-day. Standards in terms of subject photo lighting conditions are relatively sophisticated, such as shooting situation below:

Mode program dlsr

Kind of like the above photo easily handled by the program mode. The camera will determine the shutter speed fast enough to avoid blurry photos and we also do not require depth of field is not too extreme. When you do not like setting the selected camera, use Shift Program to change. Or simply raise the ISO to keep the camera select a smaller aperture.

Understanding the Concept of Exposure

Beginner Photographer

Often after buying a good digital SLR camera and point & shoot, we are fixated on auto mode for longer periods of time. Auto mode is the most easy and quick, but do not give satisfaction creativity.

For those who want to “pass and first class” of the auto mode and want channel creative spirit into the resulting photographs, it helps us understand the concept of exposure. Renowned photographer, Bryan Peterson, has written a book titled Understanding Exposure which includes the concept of exposure are easily explained.

Peterson member illustration of three elements that must be known to understand the exposure, he was named the relationships between the three as a triangle Photography. Each element in the triangle of photography is associated with light, how light enters and interacts with the camera.

long eksposure

These three elements are:

1. ISO – the measure of how sensitive the camera sensor to light
2. Aperture – how much the lens open when the photo was taken
3. Shutter Speed ​​- the time span “window” in front of the camera sensor is open
The interaction of these three elements is called exposure. Changes in one element will result in changes in the other elements.

Parable Exposure Triangle

Perhaps the easiest way to understand the exposure is to provide a parable. In this case I like the parable of the exposure triangle as well as a water faucet.

  • Shutter speed for me is how long we open the tap.
  • Aperture is how wide we open the faucet.
  • ISO is the strong encouragement of water from the taps.
  • While the water flowing through the faucet is received light camera sensor.

Certainly not a perfect metaphor, but at least we got the basic idea. as you can see, if the exposure is the amount of water coming out of taps, means we can change the exposure value by changing one or a combination of all three constituent elements. You change the shutter speed, means changing how long the water tap open. Aperture change means changing how much water flow, while changing how strong encouragement from the water source.